There are five types of diabetes not two, say scientists

Diabetes insulin-syringe

Individuals in cluster 3, the most resistant to insulin, had significantly higher risk of diabetic kidney disease, compared to individuals in clusters 4 and 5. But a new study suggests that there may actually be five different types of the disease-some of which may be more unsafe than others.

Finally, the Malmö Diet and Cancer CardioVascular Arm (MDC-CVA) study included 3,330 people randomly selected from the larger Malmö Diet and Cancer study.

The team say the findings shed light on why some diabetics respond very differently to treatment than others, adding that it could help identify those who might be at high risk of complications, and lead to tailored treatment of the disease.

New Brunswick is giving more attention to diabetes prevention and care by increasing the age limit to avail funding for diabetes-related supplies like insulin pumps.

"Type 2 diabetes is usually caused by lifestyle factors and is preventable in most people".

Researchers from Lund University Diabetes Centre in Sweden and the Institute for Molecular Medicine in Finland gathered data on nearly 15,000 patients from across five cohorts in both countries. Retinopathy risk was highest in cluster 2, which was insulin deficient. Type 2 diabetes - usually diagnosed in adults - develops when the body can not produce enough insulin the right way.

Type 1 diabetes, which is a serious lifelong condition that typically requires insulin injections or pump, can develop quickly over a matter of weeks, even days.

Millions more are thought to have prediabetes, or blood sugar levels that are above the normal range but not yet high enough to be classified as diabetic.

The third "severe" group were people with auto-immune diabetes corresponding to the original "type-1" diagnosis.

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The number of people diagnosed with diabetes in Yorkshire has reached an estimated 294,455, according to new analysis released by Diabetes UK.

The rest were fairly young and not obese, but had severe forms of diabetes.

Almost 15,000 patients in Sweden and Finland were monitored for a variety of factors, including age at diagnosis, body-mass index, long-term glycemic control, functioning of insulin production in the pancreas, insulin resistance, the detection of auto-antibodies, genetic analyses, disease progression, complications, and treatment success. Identified in 22% of the people in ANDIS.

Cluster 5: Mild age-related diabetes.

How did the researchers interpret the results?

The researchers say their classification system could be helpful for both newly diagnosed patients as well as those who have had type 2 diabetes for many years.

Bunch 2 patients would as of now be named type 2 as they don't have an immune system sickness.

A further 12.3 million people are at an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, according to the charity's analysis.

They believe that the study might help tailor and target treatment and lay the foundation for precision medicine in the future. While no cure exists, and any changes to current treatment are likely a good way off, exploring the root causes and various manifestations of diabetes is a positive step forward for the development of new medicines that could in future reduce or prevent some of the most serious complications from arising. The clusters and associated complications will need to be verified in other populations, including other ethnicities that may have a different risk of diabetes, such as Asian populations.

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